Sky Tavern Jr. Ski Program

America's Oldest and Largest Non-Profit 501(c)(3) Ski and Snowboard Program!
Certified Bronze ClubSky Tavern
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The Goal of the Junior Ski Program

To get kids and families outside together, learning, sharing and enjoying a sport for life

Sky Tavern since 1948

 

Sky Tavern Kids Professional Ski Instructors of America & American Association of Snowboard Instructors (PSIA/AASI) Class Levels. We take teaching seriously!

 

Responsibility Code:

All classes teach and strictly adhere to the Skier Responsibility Code:
1. Stay in control
2. People ahead have the right of way
3. Stop in a safe place for you and others
4. When starting downhill or merging, look uphill and yield
5. Use devices to help prevent runaway equipment
6. Observe signs and warnings
7. Know how to use the lifts safely




SNOWBOARD CLASS 1 "Intro to a new sport"

Terrain: Lodge Base Area Lift: Walk, Skate, & Climb
Required to Pass: Boarder can walk, climb, and perform Heel & Toe J-turns to a Stop with back foot out. Boarder has been introduced to safe practices.
Topics to Cover (Keep it Fun & Create Excitement for the Sport)
1. Introduction, Basic equipment orientation, Board carry and storage
2. Mtn. Safety, Rider Responsibility Code (See Card)
3. Strapping in & out, Reg/Goofy check, Equipment check
4. (Both Feet In) Introduce Athletic stance, Falling & Getting up
5. Have fun with Balance Movements: Jump, Jump & Spin 180, Tail & Nose Press, Balance on the edges, Twist, Tilt, Pivot & Pressure the board (Simon Says, Find the limits of balance) Return to an athletic stance
6. W/Back Foot Out: Walk, Skate, Glide, & Climb (Follow the leader)
7. Straight glide with natural or uphill runout - Shoulders/hips/board parallel
8. Heel & toe "J" turns to a Stop (Back Foot Out) A centered Athletic stance helps ensure enough weight is on the front foot. Press the toe or heel of the front foot into the snow to steer. (Squish a snowball)
(Look where you want to go, steer the ship (knee), Superman) *Encourage patience, letting the board and lower-body do the work.
BONUS: Do Straight Glide and J-Turns with Both feet in. Learn Handle Tow




SNOWBOARD CLASS 2 "Skidded C-Turns"

Terrain: Schoolyard Lift: Handle Tow
Required to Pass: Boarder can stop and can confidently perform Skidded Heel and Toe Turns using lower body steering.
Topics to Cover (Watch for equipment issues at this level) Kids benefit the most from mileage, keep them moving.
1. Review Rider Responsibility Code - Spread it out throughout lesson
2. Review Class 1 material as needed
3. Introduce Handle Tow - You don't need to use it during lesson
4. With both feet strapped in, do Heel & toe "J" turns to a Stop.
5. Conditions Permitting: Introduce Skidded Traverse on both edges - Encourage a good athletic stance. Turn uphill to slow.
6. Garlands - both Heel & toe - Use front foot and knee to steer board. Look in the direction you want to go.
7. Skidded C-shaped Turns - both Heel & toe (Think Pedal Power) One turn at a time then connect the turns with a small traverse.
BONUS:
Practice Nose & Tail Presses - Try Nose Press while gliding slowly, then try Nose Press w/gentle spin, both directions. Contrast with Tail Press.
(Sometimes new movements feel awkward.)




SNOWBOARD CLASS 3 "S-Turns"

Terrain: Lower Cascade "3-Hill" Lift: Rocco Poma
Required to Pass: Boarder can confidently perform Linked Skidded Heel and Toe Turns using lower body steering on 3-Hill. Boarder can Side Slip, perform Fallen Leaf and Skidded Traverse on both edges.
Topics to Cover
1. Review Rider Responsibility Code
2. Introduce Poma lift - Ride, Load, & Unload (Watch then try)
3. Introduce Side slip (Heel & toe) - Control using ankles, knees &/or hips
4. Introduce Falling leaf (Heel & toe) - Shift weight to change direction
5. Review Skidded Traverse (both edges & both directions) Shift weight over the new lead leg as it changes. (Superman, Ironman, Elsa)
6. Garlands (Heel & toe) Use fan progression, steering steeper into the fall-line
7. Skidded turns (Heel & toe) Start lower on the slope and move higher to steeper parts as the students become more comfortable. (Pedal Power) Strive to keep shoulders and hips parallel to the board & the slope. Turn uphill to slow before starting new turn.
8. Linked Skidded turns ? Connect the turns through a traverse & gradually shorten the traverse. For a greater challenge make smaller turns.
9. Play with flat 180's & 360's (helicopters) on the lower half of the 3-Hill. These help develop control of board's twist, tilt, pivot, & pressure.

SNOWBOARD CLASS 3P "S-Turns, Chair Lift"

Terrain: 3-Hill and Back Trail to Chicken Chute Lift: Rocco Poma & Skyridge Chair
Required to Pass: Boarder can ride Chair Lift & perform Linked Skidded Heel & Toe Turns w/Speed Control down the Chicken Chute.
Student should exhibit efficient form using lower body to steer board.
Topics to Cover
1. Assess Students - Evaluate boarders on 3-Hill to ensure they are ready for more challenging terrain. Boarders not ready can be moved to another class.
2. Chair lift - Introduce Riding, Loading, & Unloading - Use practice chair
3. Introduce Terrain Park Rules (Smart Style, AKA Park Smart)
4. Review Side slip and Falling leaf (Heel & toe) on the steeper terrain
5. Do Garlands (Heel & toe) using active knees to shorten the turn.
6. Practice short radius Linked Skidded turns - Shorter radius turns are important for managing speed in steeper terrain. -Steer the front knee through the turn. (How tight can you turn?) -Actively flex the legs at the beginning of the turn to shift body forward and downhill in the direction of the turn. -Turn uphill to slow before beginning next turn.
-Refine the boarders' turns & movements
? Certified Instructor approval is required to punch students to Class 4




SNOWBOARD CLASS 4 "S-Turns, Dynamic and Sized"

Terrain: Back Trail & 4-Hill Lift: Sky Ridge & America Chairs
Required to Pass: Boarder can confidently perform Skidded Heel and Toe Turns of different size, with speed control, and is beginning to actively unweight the board at the beginning of the turn.
Topics to Cover
1. Review Rider Responsibility Code (Spread it out)
2. Assess Students & review earlier material as needed
3. Practice Linked Skidded turns (Funnel Turns, Follow the Leader) Begin with large turns and get progressively smaller.
Dynamic Riding (Most Extended)
4. Practice Flexing and Extending the legs while traversing. Get Rhythm
5. Practice Garlands while Flexing & Extending (Heel & toe) - Maximum extension should happen at turn initiation (turning down hill). Flex and get smaller through the finish of the Garland. Extension should move the body up and forward toward the nose of the board and direction of the turn. -Start small & get tall. Garlands can be shallow. Strive for fluid rhythm.
6. Practice Skidded turns with "most extended" initiation (Heel & toe) --Start small & get tall. (Pick an apple, put it in the basket.) Dynamic riding makes you a more versatile rider in more challenging terrain.




SNOWBOARD CLASS 5 "Intro to Carving & Switch Riding"

Terrain: Back Trail & 4-Hill Lift: Sky Ridge & America Chairs
Required to Pass: Boarder can traverse 4-Hill while on edge with little skidding. Boarder shall show reasonable proficiency in both directions & both edges (4 combinations). Boarder can carve at least the 2nd half of a carve-turn on the lower portion of the 4-Hill in their natural direction.
Topics to Cover (NOTE: TIGHTEN BOOTS IF NOT SNUG.)
1. Review Rider Responsibility Code (Spread it out)
2. Describe Skidded vs Carve turns. Carving uses board edge and side-cut to create shape. Equal pressure between front and back feet.
3. Practice Static Movements (Hold Balance position on toes & heels.)
4. Practice Traversing back-and-forth across the hill on Toe edge, carving down and then back up the hill in an arc, create continuous traverse and then Garlands trying to maintain a thin line. (Flex into ankle straps for toe-side carve. Shift hips over heels on heel-side and raise toes.) Maintain equal pressure on both feet. Exaggerate pressure on back edge if tail is skidding. (Look for thin line. A little speed can help balance.)
5. Repeat above, Traversing on other edge (Heel Edge).
6. Park the Car and Back Out ? Carve up the hill and reverse back out continuing across the hill. Shift weight to new lead leg when backing.
7. Carve large gentle S-turns at base of 4-Hill above schoolyard.




SNOWBOARD CLASS 6 "Intro to Freestyle & Park"

Terrain: Back Trail, Park, Schoolyard Lift: Sky Ridge & America Chairs
Required to Pass: Boarder can perform ollies, butters, is beginning to jump straight air off small jumps & terrain features, & small box glide.
Topics to Cover
1. Review Responsibility Code & Park SMART (Spread it out)
2. Intro to Tail & Nose Press: On gentle terrain. Shift weight over tail and nose of board. Move knees in direction of press. Open or close shoulders to induce spin (Butter). Prewind for faster spin
3. Intro to Straight Air (ollie): Practice static ollies then dynamic (Slowly first on gentle terrain, Bring legs up, Spring of tail & land flat).
4. Targeted ollies: Practice ollies over snowballs, pine cones, lines in the snow, etc. Refine the timing so they're popping in the right place.
5. Straight Airs: Review ATML. Start with a roller and use targeted ollie to gain air, (focus on timing). Practice! Increase speed and size as student's competence increases. Remind the students to keep the body over the board & perpendicular to terrain, flex to absorb landing.
6. Intro to Box Glide: Run and jump on unstrapped board landing inside & outside of the bindings for a glide. On green terrain draw a box on the snow & practice ATML.
7. Box Glide: Take it to a short and/or wide box, one they can glide on & off without an ollie. Then introduce the ollie on & off feature.




SNOWBOARD CLASS 7 "Dynamic and Switch Riding"

Terrain: Whole Mountain Lift: Sky Ridge & America Chairs
Required to Pass: Boarder can perform switch turns on 4-hill, apply most-flexed initiation in steeper terrain (5 or 6 hill) & uses effective upper-lower body separation with fore-aft movements to steer the board.
Topics to Cover
1. Review Rider Responsibility Code (Spread it out)
2. Describe what the Most Flexed movement is, why & when we use it, and how it is performed.
3. Practice Static Movements ? Flex and extend, start tall (Athletic)
then flex knees, ankles and hips moving in the direction of turn, alternating toe and heel edge. Get Rhythmic!
4. Practice rhythmic movements while traversing and transition to Garlands, steering the board toward the fall-line while drawing your legs up. Steer back up the hill, extending the legs.
5. Repeat above, Traversing on other edge (Heel Edge).
6. Use fan progression and then Apply to turns. Make complete turns flexing at initiation, extending gradually through to completion.
7. When on easy terrain (2-hill), review basic turns in Switch direction.
8. Use increasingly more challenging terrain while being safe.




Skiing Class 1:

Safety, Fun, Learning
Required To pass: Skier can walk, straight run, stop and has been introduced to beginning gliding “Slice” turns using a balanced and athletic stance.  Beginning movements on snow. Develop excitement for a new sport.

Teaching objectives:
1. Introduce to equipment and mountain environment.  
2. Responsibility code.               
3. Introduction to a balanced and athletic stance.
4. Standing, walking, gliding, climbing.   
5. Straight run- with a natural run-out, speed control with turn shape.
6. Gliding narrow “slice” to intro to hockey stop.
7. Intro to skating.      
Teachers Aids: circle walk, follow the leader, tag, Simon Says, traffic cop, ankle rolls (static & moving)  headlights on toes.  Pants before Jackets in turning. 

 




Skiing Class 2:

Safety, Fun, Learning
Required to pass: Skier can perform controlled, linked, “slice” turns down the entire two hill with speed control achieved through turn shape. Emphasizing slight directional extension/flexion through the turns while flattening the inside ski to achieve speed control through turning. Perform multiple braking “slices” during a straight run. 

Teaching objectives:
1. Review class maneuvers and balanced and athletic stance.
2. Review the responsibility code.
3. Beginning skating with emphasis on ankle roll to increase balanced stance.
4. Review hockey stop
5. Linked gliding slice turns with speed control achieved through turn shape.
6. Directional extension/flexion while flatting the inside ski to achieve turning.
7.Learn to ride the Pony handle tow.
8.Develop quality mileage
Teaching Aids: red light green light, wedge hops, Simon says, hockey stop to a cone

 




Skiing Class 3:

Safety, Fun, Learning
Required to pass: Skier can perform controlled, linked, Slice C (a matched ski at the end of the turn.) down the entire three hill. Speed control must be achieved through downhill extension/flexion through the turns.
Note: Body and ankles must move in direction of new turn.  Perform hockey stop.

Teaching objectives:
1.Review class two maneuvers (linked, wedge Christie turns, etc.)
2.Review the Responsibility code.
3.Skating, continued work on correct movement (only third or fourth week)
4.Learn how to ride Rocco poma lift.
5.Review balanced, athletic stance to be maintained in the entire turn.
6.Introduction to traversing, side slipping and wedge garlands emphasizing a parallel skid.
7.Hockey stop.
8. Linked Slice C turns (a matched skidding at the end of the turn.) with speed??? control achieved through turn shape emphasizing narrow slice and slight directional extension/flexion through the turns.
9.Fun. quality mileage.
Teaching Aids: J turns, fan progression, hockey stop

 




Skiing Class 4:

Safety fun learning
Required to pass: Skier can perform controlled, linked, wedge Christies (a match fall line with a skidded finish.) down the entire four hill. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape emphasizing a narrow wedge and slight directional extension/flexion through the turns. Body and ankles must turn in the direction of new turn.

Teaching objectives:

  1. Review class three maneuvers (linked wedge Christie turns, etc,) prior to riding the chair lift & review the Responsibility Code.
  2. Learn to ride the chair lift- loading and unloading procedures.
  3. Review balanced and athletic stance to maintain throughout entire turns.
  4. One leg downhill ski traverse (pressure director to inside edge outside ski.)
  5. Practice and improve uphill Christies, garlands, lateral and forward side-slipping emphasizing flexion and extension toward direction of intended turn.
  6. Perform controlled, linked wedge, Christies (a match at the fall line with a skidded finish)
  7. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape emphasizing a narrow wedge and slight directional extension/flexion through the turns.
  8. Body and ankles must move in the direction of the turn.
  9. Fun quality mileage.

Teaching Aids: skating, big toe & little toe, ankle roll, hockey stop, fan progression, stop on a dime.?

 




Skiing Class 5:

Safety, Fun Learning
Required to pass: Skier can perform advanced, linked wedge Christies (a match before the fall line with a skidded finish.) with a pole touchdown the entire five hill. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape. Emphasizing a narrow wedge and slight directional extension/flexion through the turns. Note: Body and ankles must move in the direction of the new turn. Review the Responsibility Code

 

Teaching objectives:

  1. Review lift/class 4 maneuvers (linked, wedge, Christie turns, etc)
  2. Review balanced & athletic stance
  3. Introduce pole touch as timing device for the match.
  4. Edge set with pole touch.
  5. Practice uphill Christies, garlands, lateral and uphill side slipping emphasizing flexion and extension toward direction of intended turn.
  6. Perform, controlled, advanced, link, wedge Christies with a pole touch. (a match before the fall line with a skidded finish.)
  7. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape emphasizing a slight quick wedge opening and directional extension/flexion through the turns.
  8. Body and ankles must move in the direction of the turn.
  9. Fun quality mileage.
Teaching Aids: skating, big toe& little toe, ankle roll hockey stop, fan progression, J-turns, C turns, thumpers, 1000 steps, shuffle turns.



Skiing Class 6:

Safety, Fun Learning

Required To Pass: Skier can perform linked, open, skidded parallel turns with a pole touch down entire six hill. Note: There is no wedge or stem opening in this turn. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape emphasizing directional extension/flexion through the turns. Note: body and ankles must move in direction of new turn.

 

Teaching objectives:

  1. Review Lift procedures and class five maneuvers
  2. (advanced wedge Christie turns with a pole touch, etc)
  3. Review the Responsibility code.
  4. Review balanced and athletic stance with angulation to be maintained throughout the entire turn.
  5. Take a fun run
  6. Pivot slips (Linked)
  7. Parallel initiation (forward, side slip and parallel) garlands emphasizing flexion and extension movements toward direction of intended turn.
Teaching Aids: skating, big & little toe, ankle roll, hockey stop, fan progression, J turns, thumpers, 1000 steps, shuffle turns, balloon leg pop, one-legged skiing.



Skiing Class 7:

Safety, Fun Learning

Required to pass: Skier can perform linked, short radius, skidded parallel turns and linked medium radius carved parallel turn (dynamic parallel) with proper use of pole touch down the entire hill. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape emphasizing directional/flexion through the turns. Note: Body and ankles must move in direction of new turn.

Teaching Objectives

  1. Review class 6 maneuvers
  2. Review the skier Responsibility code
  3. Railroad track traverse (dynamic balance along entire length of the ski.)
  4. Learn and practice short radius skidded parallel turns.
    1. Use pole touch for timing to develop rhythm.
    2. Emphasize lower body movement under the upper body i.e. crow under.
    3. Maintain speed through shape and skidding.

2. Learn and practice medium radius carved parallel turns. (dynamic)
a. Use a strong ski edge.
b. Roll ankles into turn? big toe; little toe
c. Use directional retraction and extension of lower legs.
Teaching Aids: Band leader, railroad tracks, ‘’let the force move you’’, tunnel skiing, skating, big toe & little toe, ankle roll, hockey stops.

 




Skiing Class 8:

Required to pass: Skier can perform linked dynamic, carved, parallel turns (short and medium radius.) on the entire mountain. Skier can adapt these maneuvers to different terrain or snow conditions: i.e. bumps, steeps, powder, ice, etc. Speed control must be achieved through turn shape emphasizing directional extension/flexion through the turns.

Note: Body and ankles must move in direction of new turn

 

Teaching Objectives:

  1. Review the maneuvers from class 7.
  2. Review the Responsibility Code
  3. Learn the medium carved turn (must show railroad track through entire turn.)
  4. Teach and perfect dynamic parallel turns using directional/extension movements and efficient use of the forces to accomplish tasks.
  5. ?Learn tunnel skiing.
  6. ?Learn to use ski designs to help make turns.



Skiing Class 9:

Required to pass:? Student will set new goals for his/her skiing future: Instructor, adaptive, racing, extreme bumps, powder, terrain park skiing, the pipe, free style, Arial: Skier can now ski the entire mountain with comfort and the ability to adjust to any terrain and/or conditions naturally without conscious thought.

 

Teaching Objectives:

  1. Review the responsibility code
  2. Instructor should focus on intricacies of? basic skiing and encourage student to set new goals to be achieved in student?s personal skiing.
  3. Instructor???????? f. Powder
  4. Adaptive?????????? g. Terrain Park,
  5. Racing??????????????? h. Freestyle
  6. Extreme???????????? I. Arial
  7. Bumps??????????????? J. Short dynamic turns.

????????????? Teaching Aids: Ski Everything Everywhere!??

 


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